What is Diagnostic and Operative Laparoscopy?

Diagnostic Laparoscopy is a medical procedure in which the doctors uses Laparoscopy to look at the organs and tissues in your abdomen. Laparoscope is a thin metal tube with a light and tiny camera. It aids the doctors in assessing the internal organs through a small incision in the abdomen. Laparoscope is attached to a display screen enabling the doctors and surgeons to assess and complete the test. The patient after the Laparoscopy can go home after a couple of hours. Recovery time is less compared with the larger abdominal incisions.

Aim of the Diagnostic and Operative Laparoscopy

Many infertile patients undertake laparoscopy for a complete evaluation. In some women patients, doctors can diagnose that the fallopian tubes are blocked. This is pretty problematic as it can prevent sperm and egg from coming together, thus leading to infertility. With laparoscopy, a simple test can confirm such possibility. This procedure is done by doctors to identify any defects such as scar tissue (adhesions), endometriosis, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, tubal disease, genital tuberculosis, fibroid tumours and other abnormalities of the uterus.

Advantages of the surgery:

  • Accuracy enhanced diagnosis
  • Less complication posts forward surgery
  • Shorter recovery time

Operative Laparoscopy:

After the diagnosis is completed and doctors have identified the root cause of the problem, doctors operate on it. Laparoscope is utilized for doing operative surgery while achieving success with less cost and reduced pain. The whole process revolves around making small cuts around the pubic bone. The operative procedure all needs a series of specialized scientific instruments like graspers, biopsy forceps, scissors, coagulators, electrosurgical or laser instruments needle holders and suture materials. The instruments can be inserted through the small cuts done in the abdomen. There is no cutting of the abdomen plus no major incisions. Recovery time also dwindles allowing the patient to leave for home on the same day the surgery is conducted.

Aim of the surgery:

Most of the problem affecting fertility can be resolved with the help of operative Laparoscopy. One of the common problem is the scar tissue formation around the tubes, ovaries or uterus which interferes with the woman’s ability to become pregnant.

The scar tissue is cut and removed through the laparoscope thus freeing the pelvic organs.

An operative Laparoscopy is also used for female sterilization (tubal ligation), some vaginal hysterectomies, and to collect eggs for in vitro fertilization.

Advantages of the surgery:

  • Small holes instead of one big incision
  • Reduced post-operative pain
  • Short hospital stay